Tests offered at the ARRL
The ARRL diagnoses diseases using three standard approaches. Examination of the blood for antibodies to specific microorganisms (serology). The detection of a specific DNA segment from the microorganism (molecular). The isolation of the organism using a medium that will sustain and encourage the microorganism to grow (culture). These three areas can be broken down further. In the ARRL, serology is performed using an indirect microimmunofluorescence assay (IFA), an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and an immunoblot system. The molecular assays are primarily performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in some instances sequencing is utilised to confirm results. The culture work is performed primarily in cell culture but artificial media is also utilised.